Canada, located in the northern part of the North American continent. It extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It has the largest land mass in North America and second largest in the world. It consists of 10 provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan) and 3 territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut).

The first Canadians were native Indian peoples, primarily the Inuit (Eskimo). In 1497, John Cabot, an Italian in the service of Henry VII of England, reached Newfoundland or Nova Scotia. Canada was taken by France's Jacques Cartier in 1534. New France's actual settlement began in Nova Scotia during 1604. In 1608, Quebec was founded. However, by 1713, Newfoundland, Hudson Bay, and Nova Scotia (Acadia) were lost to England over fights for the valuable fisheries and fur trade at the time. During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), England extended its conquest, and the Treaty of Paris in 1763 gave England full control of Canada. It became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the Great Britain.
The country is renowned worldwide for its vast, untouched landscape, rich of natural resources, and home to 41 national parks and hundreds of provincial parks. It has a its unique blend of cultures and multifaceted history, Canada is one of the world's wealthiest countries and a major tourist destination. The United Nations ranked Canada as one of the best countries in the world in which to live. The country is recognized globally for its outstanding quality of life, stable, progressive political environment and one of the healthiest economies in the world. Economically and technologically the nation has developed in parallel with the US.
Canada offers a great diversity of things to do, from the highest tides in world at the Bay of Fundy in the East, and the rare temperate rain forests on the West coast. The country features that much variety and natural beauty. It boasts some of the best ski locations in the world, among them, Lake Louise in gorgeous Banff National Park, as well as, more lakes than any other country, with over 250,000 lakes in the province of Ontario alone.
Its eclectic metropolitan cities of Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal offer an amazing blend of authenticity, diversity, unique cultural collages and Canadian friendliness.
Montréal, Canada's most eclectic metropolis, hosts international gigs like the Jazz Fest, delights visitors with French-Canadian cuisine, and boast an outstanding French Euro-heritage along the historic streets of Vieux-Montréal. Here, you can immerse yourself in French Canada, and the gorgeously preserved 400-year old Quebec City.

Toronto, its largest city, is a friendly metropolis with good shopping, multi-ethnic dining, and an abundance of parks, beaches and other green spaces to relax. Popular attraction includes, the CN Tower, Toronto Islands, AGO, and ROM. Not far from Toronto, there is the famous Niagara Falls.

Vancouver features snow-capped forested mountains overlooking miles of sandy beaches - here you can snowboard and sail on the same day. Popular places to visit include, the Museum of Anthropology, Vancouver Aquarium, Vancouver Art Gallery, and the cobblestone streets of the Old Town. For dining, it offers a variety of rich culinary styles where seafood is king for this coastal gem.




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