Argentina (República Argentina), is a federal republic located in southeastern South America - bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and Chile to the west. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the 8th largest country in the world, the second largest in Latin America and the largest Spanish-speaking nation.

The territory showcases a vast diversity across its regions: i) the Cuyo & the Andean northwest region boasts impressive volcanoes, spectacular salt flats and beautifully-blue skies, extensive wineries, spectacular wildlife and many outdoor sporting activities; ii) the Mesopotamia & the northeast is a humid region of extensive grasslands and wetlands, it is also home to an abundance of fascinating animal and bird species, natural landscapes and the breathtaking Iguazu Falls of the Misiones province; ii) the Chaco primarily comprising of wildlife-rich flatlands, which is a hub of ecotourism activities and particularly appeals to keen bird watchers of the more than 300 different species. It is also home to the indigenous communities of the skillful Guaraní and Wichí Chaco native inhabitants who pride themselves on producing carefully-sculpted pottery and intricately-woven baskets; iii) the Pampas is a grassland biome surrounding Buenos Aires, renowned for its spectacular horse riding routes; iv) the Patagonia and the Lake District in southern Argentina, is celebrated for its dramatic, contrasting scenery, from colossal glaciers to arid deserts and vast flatlands to steep granite cliffs, not to mention its electric blue-colored lakes; v) the Tierra del Fuego is an archipelago situated at South America’s southernmost tip, the ´Land of Fire´ islands boast spectacular mountainous peaks, vast lakes and verdant forests. Consisting of one large island (also called Tierra del Fuego), with a 630km2 national park, and a series of smaller ones, the Tierra del Fuego offers walking, fishing and wildlife enthusiasts with an outdoor paradise.

Spanish is the official language, but some immigrant communities retain their language as a badge of identity. Italian is widely understood and there are 17 native languages, including Quechua, Mapuche, Guaraní, Tobas and Matacos.

European influences comes across in Argentina's art, architecture, literature and lifestyle. Buenos Aires in particular has very much emulated European cultural trends in art, music and architecture. There are many art museums and galleries in the city, and it has a strong theater community.


Probably the best known manifestation of Argentine popular culture is the tango dance and music. Folk music is also thriving. Sport is extremely important to the Argentines and soccer is more of a national obsession than a game.

Besides the many pasta, sausage and dessert dishes common to continental Europe, Argentines enjoy a wide variety of Indigenous and Criollo creations, which include empanadas, locro, humitas and yerba mate, all originally indigenous Amerindian staples, the latter considered Argentina's national beverage. Other popular items include chorizo, facturas and Dulce de leche. The Argentine barbecue, asado as well as, a parrillada, includes various types of meats, among them chorizo, sweetbread, chitterlings, and morcilla.



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